Testicular Cancer

Testicles are responsible for the production of male hormones (mostly testosterone) and sperm. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young Australian men.

Testicular cancer starts as an abnormal growth or tumour that develops in one or both testicles. There are several types of testicular cancer, but the most common is the germ cell tumour. Men with undescended testes at birth are at an increased risk of testis cancer.

Treatment options

Testicular cancer is a highly treatable cancer and can be effectively treated, and often cured, if diagnosed and treated early. Advanced testicular cancer can also be cured with treatment.

Treatments include:

Orchiectomy (testis removal). The surgeon removes the malignant testis and spermatic cord Chemotherapy. Prescribed after surgery to treat remaining cancer cells in the abdomen, chest, or lymph glands.

Lymph Node Dissection. The surgeon removes affected lymph glands in the abdomen.

Side effects

A testicle produces enough sperm and hormones that men only require one testicle. Testicular cancer and the removal of one testicle should not alter your ability to have sex or have children. Men should bank sperm before undergoing chemotherapy, or if removal of both testicles is required.

Testicular Self Examination FAQ

How common is testicular cancer?

Testis cancer is the most common malignancy in young men

When should I perform a testicular self exam?

Monthly. This will help you become familiar with your normal anatomy

What am I looking for?

  • Normal testicles feel smooth, firm, symmetrical, and sensitive
  • Check for anything out of the ordinary including hard lumps, increasing size, painful spots

Are all lumps cancer?

No, but always best to have them checked by a doctor

What do I do if I find something?

Don’t let embarrassment prevent early detection. See your GP or Urologist.

How do I perform a self examination?

It’s easiest in a hot shower. Glide your fingers over the front and back of the testicle feeling for firm irregularities within the testicular tissue.

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